We have three students, two brothers and a little girl, who need out of district transportation to the same area. So far this year, all three have been a part of our after school program getting help with homework, math, and reading. All of them need the help. But now the mother of the two brothers doesn’t want them attending the after school program. Do we now need to provide transportation for the two boys right after school and transportation for the girl after the after-school program? Can we tell the mother that transportation will be after our after school program at least until the end of the quarter when the after-school program ends?

Answer: I think you can maintain the same transportation arrangements at least until the end of the quarter. While the school can’t force a parent to participate in the after-school program as a condition of transportation to the school of origin, the school...

Due to mental health issues, a district has placed a student in a re-engagement program. The district contracts with this private program. The student remains enrolled in the district, but is attending this non-public program. She cannot attend the program without transportation. Is transportation required? And who pays for the transportation– the district, or the private program?

Answer: There are two separate issues here. One is whether the student should be transported to school. The answer to that is yes. The district has placed the student in this program, and transportation is a barrier to her enrollment and retention in the program....

If the student, parent, and school of origin all agree that it is in the student’s best interest to remain in the school of origin, can the district where the student is laying their head at night require a best interest meeting prior to agreeing to assist with transportation?

Answer: The short answer is that the district where the child is laying their head does not determine best interest, and cannot require that it participate in a best interest determination in order to assist with transportation. Under current law, the local...

Question on the allowable use of Title 1A homeless reservation and how to calculate (or define) “excess cost” of transportation. If an LEA does not provide high school students with transportation, then would the entire cost to transport a homeless high school student be considered “excess” and therefore an allowable Title 1 A set aside expense?

Answer: Yes, with a couple of caveats. Normally, to calculate the excess cost, you’re looking at the difference between the transportation being provided to the McKinney-Vento student and what the district typically would provide other students. So in this case, since...

A student has been transported to the school of origin during this school year. If the student is re-identified next school year as McKinney-Vento eligible, can the student continue to attend the school of origin, and receive transportation?

Answer: “Yes. Students retain the right to stay in their school of origin – and the right to transportation to their school of origin – for the duration of their homelessness, provided that staying in their school of origin continues to be in their best...

Family living in District C lost housing 2 years ago and began doubling up in District A. Family enrolled in District A, so there have not been any inter-district transportation needs. Now family moved and is doubled up in District B. District A is asking about who should be sharing transportation with them — District B, or District C?

Answer: “I look at this in 2 steps. First, what does MV say about paying for school of origin transportation when the student moves out of district: the local educational agency of origin and the local educational agency in which the child or youth is living...

We have a McKinney-Vento student participating in a special program providing coordinated activities to promote movement from school to post-school activities. The student’s guardian has found a volunteer career opportunity related to the program’s goals. Are we required to provide transportation to that volunteer position?

Answer: It probably depends on how the position fits into your program. Is a volunteer opportunity of this type usually part of the program? In other words, could it be said that the guardian saved the school some work by finding an appropriate volunteer opportunity,...

I am meeting with our Title I, Transportation, & Student Services directors about whether we need an agreement or MOU with Dept. of Child & Family Services for situations with students who have been placed in foster care in an area outside their school of origin. Do you have resources or examples of other places with agreements or MOU’s in place?

Answer: Yes. We put together a short document on this that might help. It is at https://schoolhouseconnection.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/01/FC-transportation-guide.pdf. It explains the legal responsibilities for students in foster care under ESSA, including...

The Department of Education requires that LEAs provide transportation for extracurricular activities if the lack of transportation poses a barrier. Which activities are covered under this mandate? Would you call the Boys and Girls Club an extracurricular activity if it is not district-administered, but it is housed at the school? If so, does this depend on whether or not there is an academic component to the program?

Answer: In this scenario, the Boys and Girls Club probably is not an extracurricular activity, because it is not funded or administered by the LEA. The in-kind donation of space to a community agency wouldn’t rise to the level of making it an LEA activity. I don’t...

I have a student in my housing program who attends a charter school that does not provide transportation for any of their students. The school (which is the student’s school of origin) is telling the parent there is nothing they can do in terms of providing transport. But they should, right? What do I do if they are in fact not in compliance?

Answer: You are correct. The McKinney-Vento Act applies to charter schools. The school must provide transportation to the school of origin for the child, as long as continuing to attend the school of origin is in the child’s best interest. As far as approaching the...

Is a school district required to provide transportation to the student’s day care? Many of our parents work, and dropping their students at a relative’s house or a day care is the only way that they can work.

Answer: The McKinney-Vento Act requires LEAs (school districts and charter schools) to remove barriers to enrollment and retention in school. 42 USC 11432(g)(1)(I). Sometimes, children experiencing homelessness do not have anywhere to go after school, as many shelters...

A high school student is living here with her mom and mom’s boyfriend in a camper. The park where they were staying (in our district) is closing for winter, so they must move. They are relocating their camper to another district. Is this McKinney-Vento for us? Can we keep this student in our district by providing transportation for student?

Answer: Yes and yes. Based on the information provided, the family meets the definition of homeless in the McKinney-Vento Act because they do not have a fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime residence; this definition specifically includes children and youth who are...

A shelter has access to transportation for children residing there. The school district is wondering if they can use Title I funds to reimburse the shelter for the cost of transportation. ESSA allows us to use Title-I funds to pay for the excess cost of transportation, but does it make a difference if the funds are paying a shelter?

Answer: There is no problem with this, as long as the transportation provided by the shelter is cost-effective. McKinney-Vento allows the LEA to provide or arrange transportation, thereby giving the LEA some discretion to choose the method of transportation, as long...

Pin It on Pinterest